U.S. Colonial Rule

World War II


Contemporary Period

Contemporary Period

For years Filipino Americans fought their case in the courts, only to have the Supreme Court rule against them in the 1980s. Combining efforts of advocacy in the halls of Congress and activism from living war veterans and other Filipino-Americans, grassroots organizers fought for justice and equity for Filipino World War II veterans and to gain recognition for their service and sacrifice. Among the national organizations that took the fight in Congress and in the streets in the 1990s and 2000s were:

  • The American Coalition for Filipino Veterans (ACFV)
  • The National Federation of Filipino American Associations (NaFFAA)
  • The National Network for Veterans Equity (NNVE)
  • The National Alliance for Filipino Veterans Equity (NAFVE)

Recognized for their service in 2017 with the Congressional Gold Medal, these veterans and their advocates now dedicate themselves to sharing the story of their struggle against injustice in hopes of forging a better tomorrow for all Americans.

Grassroots activism by Filipino civil rights organizers

Congressional Lobbying efforts

Congressional Acts benefitting Filipino veterans

  • Naturalization Act of 1989
  • Immigration Act of 1990
  • Equity Compensation Fund of 2009
  • Immigration Parole Policy – 2016
  • Congressional Gold Medal in 2017

Ongoing Efforts to seek Citizenship and Justice